Tarragon is an aromatic herb used often in cooking, particularly French cuisine. It is viewed as a delicious, ‘upper class’ herb that aids digestion.
There are two important types of tarragon, French and Russian tarragon. The French variety is half hardy and growns to about 3 feet (90cm) and has smooth, dark green leaves. The Russian variety grows to about 4 feet (1.2m) and has coarser and lighter green leaves. French tarragon is preferred for taste, but Russian tarragon is more hardy and will suit the harshest of climates
How To Grow Tarragon
Tarragon is grown from seed, cuttings or divisions of established plants. Only Russian tarragon can be grown from seed as the French variety does not produce viable seed. I recommend you seek out French tarragon for growing at home as its taste is superior.
Growing from cuttings works for both types. Grow it in a warm, dry position that ideally provides some protection. The soil type is of little importance, as long as it gets a good amount of sun. Tarragon of all types dislikes humidity. Russian tarragon will tolerate harsh frosts without concern.
Cuttings should be 3-4 inches (7.5-10cm) long. They should be planted in small pots and covered with compost. They do not need any water in the early stages. Once the root system is well developed, harden off and transplant to the garden at a spacing of 2 feet (60cm) apart.
Growing Tarragon In Containers
French tarragon is easy to grow in containers. It needs a large container and regular watering during the day. During winter, move the container to the shed and do not water it. Tarragon in general does not need any fertilizer.
Tarragon is picked by hand at any time throughout the season.
Tarragon should be planted again every 3 years as its taste begins to deteriorate after this period.